Risk of demographic disaster if jobs are not created: Pranab

MUMBAI: Former President Pranab Mukherjee today said the country’s demographic dividend runs the risk of turning into a “demographic disaster” if employment is not generated.

The country has achieved an economic growth of 6-8 per cent in the last couple of decades but the inequality among different classes of the society is still huge and unacceptable, he said.

Speaking at the Dr M Visvesvaraya Memorial Lecture at the World Trade Centre here where industrialist Ratan Tata was conferred the WTCA Award of Honour, Mukherjee said the rapid economic growth has not reflected itself fully in corresponding rise in employment.

“There is rising inequality among the different classes of the society which cannot go on for a long period,” he said.

Citing the National Sample Survey Organisation, the former President said that top 10 per cent of the population owns 61.51 per cent of the assets while the bottom 50 per cent has a share of only 4.77 per cent of the assets.

Further, the World Inequality Report of 2018 states that top 10 per cent of the population holds 54.2 per cent of the national share in income while the bottom 50 per cent has only 15.3 per cent.

“This gap is huge. It is evident from these figures that the trickle-down theory is no answer to the problem and has failed,” the former Finance Minister said.

Raising concerns over the rising unemployment, he said the country ran the risk of a demographic disaster. (AGENCIES)