Jammu and Kashmir is known for various fairs and melas such as Jhiri Mela, Bahu Mela, Hemis Gompa Mela, Baisakhi Mela etc. which bear testimony to our glorious and proud cultural heritage bequethed to us by our wise forefathers.These fairs and melas add colour and vibrancy to our life and provide an escape from the drudgery of everyday monotonous life as people get a chance to meet each other in such Melas and share their experiences.
A famous and historic mela called the Sankri Devta Mela or simply Sankri Mela , which is held at Sankri in village Meer, about 37 Kms from Udhampur, near tehsil Panchari Headquaters,in the months of August-September every year on Thursday or Sunday that comes after Bhadon or Bhadrapada Amavasya,attracts a large number of people from far and near. The mela actually starts two days earlier before the scheduled day and thus, lasts for three days. According to late Dhani Ram, the former priest of the widely revered Sankri Devta shrine, the Yatra to this holy shrine has been going on since olden times. Going down the memory lane, he recalled how his uncle Gokul Chand used to perform the duty of priest or ‘pran’ in the shrine when he was a child. Dhani Ram was nominated as the new priest of the shrine in 1930 in a’ Pagri Tying Cermony’ when he was just 10 years old. Since then, he performed the duty of ‘Pran’ with devotion and dedication till last moment when he left for his heavenly abode about a year ago. Now his son, Krishan Singh has been assigned the responsibilty of discharging the duties of Pran or priest.The legend has it that once as one of his forefathers was grazing his cattle, he saw a handsome and strongly built young man reclining on the ground with his horse grazing in the lush green pasture nearby. The man asked the stranger to tell him his name and the purpose of his coming over there but the stranger refused to utter anything about himself. On great persuasion, the young man moved to a nearby place ‘Parnathi’, sat on a flat rock and said that he was Sankri and he moved from place to place and that he had found a suitable place as his abode. He also promised to be the’ Kuldevta’ of the man’s clan and fulfil their wishes if he was worshipped in the way he desired. He said that he had various shastras or vaans such as Dudaana vaan which he ordained to give to the Pran’s family, Trishul to the Suri family, Gungraal vaan to the Kamali family and Gurj to be placed at Thunal. He also demanded that sacrifices and gold tikka be offered to him and nominated one of the forefathers of Sanjay Kumar, son of late Vidya Ram as goldsmith through whom he would accept the gold tikka. He also wished that his ‘Jaatar’ should be carried out once every year in the month of Bhadon with dhol and bansuri. He also ordained that he would accept all those offerings which shall be offered to him only through the Pran. Saying these words, the stranger disappeared mysteriously. The former Pran further said that after some days a stone idol appeared miraculously first on a rock. This idol then reappeared at the place called ‘Truta Sankri’. After a few days the idol reappeared at the present place. The people took the idol to ‘Truta Sankri’ but it again appeared at the place where the temple now stands. This was how the Deity was installed and worshipped.
Thousands of people from the nook and corner of Udhampur District and outside congregate in large number to take part in the Mela and have blessings of Sankri Devta. Besides having religious significance, the Mela has social importance. People from different villages get a chance to meet their relatives, especially the married daughters and sisters married at distant places and share their joys and sorrows. The Mela starts two days earlier than the scheduled day of Pooja and Jaatar which is performed on Thursday or Sunday after the auspicious occasion of Bhadrapada Amavasya.This year, this important mela is being organised from 23 rd August, 2022 to 25th August, 2022.
This 3-Day Mela is inaugurated by a VIP on the first day after which an Indian Style Wrestling Match (Dangal) is organised, in which famous wrestlers from within and outside the UT take part and thousands of people converge from the neighbouring villages and outside to watch the Dangal.There is an atmosphere of enthusiasm, festivity and exuberance all around.On the second day, the Department of Youth Services and Sports organises sports events in which the students from different schools take part in sports and cultural activities.
The folk artists of Panchari and other adjoining regions gather in large numbers to present folk songs and folk dances showcasing the rich cultural heritage of Duggar.All this enthralls the audience and adds to the vibrancy and colourfulness of the atmosphere. On the concluding day, the Vaans such as Dudana Vaan, Trishul, Gungraal, Gurj and other vaans are taken to the holy shrine and ceremonial Pooja/Jaatar is performed, in which the various deities are invoked, their glory sung and their blessings sought.Prasad is also distributed to the devotees on this occasion.Various Departments such as floriculture, health and medical Education, rural development etc. also set up stalls of their respective departments to enlighten the people about various Government sponsored schemes and need to eradicate social evils. The District Administration makes elaborate arrangements of transport, drinking water, security, electricity, sanitation, checking of rates of essential commodities,etc under the overall control of the Mela Officer. Temporary sweet shops are established and bangle sellers are the main attractions at the Mela and they have a hey day.There is an atmosphere of gaiety and religious fervour and enthusiasm with people singing local folksongs and chanting bhajans. One feels as if one has come to some other world far away from the din and noise of this world.
This historic Mela attracts thousands of devotees from various parts of our UT. Thus, there is need to provide more facilities to the devotees and boost religious tourism and flori-tourism to this widely reverred shrine. The Krimachi-Panchari road has been widened and upgraded but the stretch near ‘Chobu Nallah’ near Kainthgali, remains a trouble spot during rains. The Government has constructed a tourist hut near the shrine of Sankri Devta but there is also need for provision of view points, more accommodation facilities and carrying out plantation along the paths/track etc to the shrine.There is also the need for sheds to enable the devotees to protect themselves from inclement weather.A children’s park having amusement facilities such as merry-go-rounds, benches etc. also needs to be developed in the vicinity of the shrine.As the climatic conditions of this region are much similar to those of the Kashmir valley, there is ample scope for developing floriculture and horticulture in Panchari and Bomag region. Trekking and ice skating/skiing activities can also be undertaken in this region. All this can also help a lot in boosting adventure and eco tourism and attracting tourists, especially from Jammu and neighbouring states to this beautiful region. A temple has been constructed and it adds to the beauty and grandeur of the place. Sankri, Lander, Moungri and other beautiful sites also need to be explored and promoted as tourist villages on the lines of Panchari to attract a large footfall of tourists, especially in the summer season when the salubrious climate of this region provides a much needed relief and pleasant escape from the scorching heat of the plains and cities.More tourist huts and inns need to be constructed so that the tourists can have a nice and memorable stay there.
The writer is serving as Sr. Lecturer in English, Govt. Boys Model Hr. Sec. School (Udhampur).