Chandrayaan-2 was India’s most ambitious as well as most complex mission up to this date undertaken by the Indian Space Research Organization; its main objectives were to showcase India’s technological potential by making a soft landing on moon, it was also meant to map the underexplored lunar south-pole. If the landing had been a success then India would have become the fourth ever country to perform a soft landing on moon and the third country in world to operate a rover there.
It was also the first mission to be led by two women Scientists Muthaya Vanitha, the project director, and Ritu Karidhal, the mission director. Chandrayaan-2 was built and launched for approximately 150 million USD which is much cheaper than the NASA and ESA lunar projects. It would have served as a prototype for future missions to Mars and sending ISRO astronauts to space. This was the third attempted landing on the moon in 2019, following the Chinese Chang’e 4 which successfully landed in January, and the Israeli Beresheet, which had a similar failure in the final landing process and crashed on the moon in April 2019. Prime Minister Narendra Modi said in a public statement after mission control lost contact that “The best is yet to come in our space programme. India is with you.” We all must not lose hope because according to ISRO there is still a probability that Vikram has performed a soft-landing successfully and is operational. If this is correct ISRO would be able to regain the communications and would be able to operate the Lander and the rover.