Pb, Haryana among top achievers in ‘Ease of Doing Business’ ranking

J&K ranks low, clubbed with Manipur, Nagaland

Gopal Sharma

JAMMU, June 30: While Punjab, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Telangana are the top achievers based on implementation of Business Reforms Action Plan, the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir has been clubbed with Delhi, Manipur, Meghalaya and Nagaland besides Tripura and Puducherry under the ‘emerging business ecosystems’ category.
Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, UP, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Odisha figured under the Achievers category, while Assam, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Jharkhand, Kerala, Rajasthan and West Bengal have been placed in the ‘Aspirers’ category; whereas, Andaman & Nicobar, Bihar, Chandigarh, Daman & Diu, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Delhi, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Puducherry and Tripura have been clubbed under the ‘Emerging Business Ecosystems’ category, the lowest in the ranking.
Union Finance and Corporate Affairs Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman, announced the assessment of States/UTs under Business Reforms Action Plan (BRAP) 2020, the 5th edition of the BRAP exercise in New Delhi today. The announcements were made in presence of Piyush Goyal, Minister of Commerce & Industry, Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution and Textiles, Anurag Jain, Secretary, DPIIT and senior Government officials of State and UT administration.
Speaking after release of assessment report, Sitharaman said that the nature of reforms had undergone change since 1991. “The reforms now taking place are responsive reforms. Unlike the reforms of 1991, which were given to us for implementation, there is no compulsion now. The objective is to see what will bring out improvement in systems and ensure better lives for us. An element of nudge has been brought into every layer of the Government. Nudging can not be by the Government only and the industry has a big role to play there,” the Finance Minister said.
She appreciated the changes brought in the assessment framework of implementation under the Business Reforms Action Plan over years.
Piyush Goyal, Minister for Commerce & Industry said that the assessment has evolved from evidence-based to 100 % feedback in multilingual format. He said that the purpose of this BRAP exercise is to infuse a culture of learning from each other’s best practices and improve upon the business climate in each State/UT with a unified objective for India to emerge as a most favoured investment destination across the globe
“When Prime Minister gave the thrust in 2014 to improving the ease of doing business, one of his major thrust areas was that while we are working at the international level for improving our ranking, we must involve all the stakeholders including the States and UTs in our effort to get them on board so that people really feel the difference and change in their ecosystem, which will lead to ease of living,” Goyal said.
“The process initiated in 2014 has started bearing fruit as we go along. Rather than ease of doing business being limited to a few areas, few cities and few businesses, we are seeing it being reflected across the country through the spirit of competitive federalism and also of collaboration”, the Commerce & Industry Minister added.
Secretary, DPIIT Anurag Jain said that the difference between various states/UTs was so small that it did not make sense to rank them but rather put them in various categories.
The BRAP- 2020 includes 301 reform points covering 15 business regulatory areas such as Access to Information, Single Window System, Labour, Environment, Land Administration & Transfer of Land and Property, Utility Permits and others. 118 new reforms were included to further augment the reform process. Sectoral reforms with 72 action points spread across 9 sectors namely Trade License, Healthcare, Legal Metrology, Cinema Halls, Hospitality, Fire NOC, Telecom, Movie Shooting and Tourism were introduced for the first time to expand the scope of reform agenda, Jain said.
He said the broader aim is to boost investor confidence, foster business friendly climate and augment ‘Ease of Doing Business’ across the country by introducing an element of healthy competition through a system of assessing States based on their performance in the implementation of Business Reforms Action Plan.
In a departure from the previous years, where States/UTs were ranked, this year they have been placed under the four categories viz. Top Achievers, Achievers, Aspirers and Emerging Business Ecosystems. The objective of assessing the States/UTs is not to create a hierarchy amongst States/UTs but to rather create an enabling framework wherein learnings can be shared amongst States/UTs which in turn will lead to a nationwide spill over of good practices. The assessment gives full weightage to the feedback obtained from actual users/respondents at the ground level, who provided their feedback about the effective implementation of reforms, Jain added
DPIIT since 2014 has been assessing States/UTs based on their performance in implementation of prescribed reforms in Business Reforms Action Plan (BRAP) exercise. Till date, assessment of States/UTs have been released for the years 2015, 2016, 2017-18 and 2019, he said.
It is commendable to note the endeavour of the States/UTs in implementing the reforms and with that spirit, DPIIT has assessed and grouped States/UTs into broad category-wise segmentation to recognize and identify the exemplary reform measures undertaken by the States/UTs to improve business environment, he added.