Oral and Maxillofacial Problems

Dr Sanjay Bhagat
It was very painful as soon as i reached here in Jammu after completion of my course in oral and maxillofacial surgery because i experienced that most of people whosoever faced problems in oral and maxillofacial region were just blindly told that this can be best treated only outside of our state. It is a trend in our health system and actually we all have been told since ages that for any problem in our oral facial region treatment is all missing and for best treatment move other places like Amritsar, Chandigarh Delhi and so on and why not to move these places because face is most important part of our body. It is called as index of other body and soul we all want beautiful representable face and its repair after disease and fracture is utmost important . But we have seen shift of thoughts and peoples need to know that we have here both in Jammu and Kashmir, well trained, oral and maxillofacial surgeons present who are best to treat all maxillofacial pathologies and awareness and trust has to be built up into public that all treatments are available and done with meticulous surgeries. So I want to put some light all about oral and maxillofacial surgery and how our common peoples may utilize.
Oral & Maxillofacial surgery (OMS) specializes in treating many diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the Oral (mouth) and Maxillofacial (jaws and face) region.
It is an internationally recognized surgical specialty. In some countries around the world, including the United States, Canada and Australia, it is a recognized specialty of dentistry; in others, such as the UK and most of Europe, it is recognized as both a specialty of medicine and dentistry and a dual degree in medicine and dentistry is compulsory, oral and maxillofacial surgeon is a regional specialist surgeon treating the entire craniomaxillofacial complex: anatomical area of the mouth, jaws, face, skull, as well as associated structures. Treatments may be performed on the craniomaxillofacial complex: mouth, jaws, face, neck, skull, and include most of treatments like Dentoalveolar surgery (surgery to remove impacted teeth, difficult tooth extractions, extractions on medically compromised patients, bone grafting or preprosthetic surgery to provide better anatomy for the placement of implants, dentures, or other dental prostheses)
Surgery to insert osseointegrated (bone fused) dental implants and maxillofacial implants for attaching craniofacial prostheses and bone anchored hearing aids.
Cosmetic surgery of the head and neck: (rhytidectomy/facelift, browlift, blepharoplasty/Asian blepharoplasty, otoplasty, rhinoplasty, septoplasty, cheek augmentation, chin augmentation, genioplasty, oculoplastics, neck liposuction, lip enhancement, injectable cosmetic treatments, botox, chemical peel etc.)
Corrective jaw surgery (orthognathic surgery), surgical treatment and/or splinting of sleep apnea, maxillomandibular advancement, genioplasty
Diagnosis and treatment of:
*benign pathology (cysts, tumors etc.)
*malignant pathology (oral & head and neck cancer) with (ablative and reconstructive surgery, microsurgery)
*cutaneous malignancy (skin cancer), lip reconstruction
*congenital craniofacial malformations such as cleft lip and palate and cranial vault malformations such as craniosynostosis, (craniofacial surgery)
*chronic facial pain disorders
*temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders
*Dysgnathia (incorrect bite), and orthognathic (literally “straight bite”) reconstructive surgery, orthognathic surgery, maxillomandibular advancement, surgical correction of facial asymmetry.
*soft and hard tissue trauma of the oral and maxillofacial region (jaw fractures, cheek bone fractures, nasal fractures, LeFort fracture, skull fractures and eye socket fractures).
(The author  is Oral and maxillofacial surgeon
BDS ( king Georges medical university).(U.K))