JAMMU, Jan 14: The State of Jammu and Kashmir has once again registered a significant decline in the Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR) from 20 per 1000 live births to 18 per 1000 live births (10%) and Early Neonatal Mortality Rate (ENMR) from 18 per 1000 live births to 15 per 1000 live births (17%) in a single year as per latest statistical report of Sample Registration System (SRS) Bulletin issued by Registrar General of India.
The report further revealed that at the national level, NMR has declined from 25 to 24 per 1000 live births and ENMR from19 to 18 per 1000 live births. In some of the States, NMR and ENMR has come down whereas in some States, these indictors have even increased. Amongst 22 bigger States, J&K is at the 6th position (both for NMR and E-NMR) from the top after Kerala, Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Karnatka and West Bengal.
The NMR is an important indicator reflecting the health care status of the community indicating number of infant deaths less than 29 days of life per 1000 live births whereas E-NMR which indicates number of infant deaths less than 7 days of life per 1000 live births, forms an important component of IMR.
As per SRS Bulletin of the year 2014, ENMR of J&K was more that the national average whereas the NMR was at the level of national average only. It is only from the last two years that NMR and ENMR has tremendously improved and are now better than the national average.
This achievement has been possible due to strong political will, administrative support and implementation of various schemes of NHM in a proper way.