Puran Chand Sharma
Bhagini Nivedita, a disciple of Swami Vivekananda has written that once Swami ji during the course of his journey in a ship addressed his pupils after deep meditation on the deck itself and delivered a very significant message, ” I happened to be in communion with omnipotent God and got enlightened that the vibrant interpretation of our ancient tradition of Panchyagya if made a compulsory part of our current Educational system, then the National Regeneration would be quicker,” It shall be , therefore, appropriate to dwell upon the vibrant Interpretation of Panchyagya to comprehend their social relevance and to harness it for speedier National Regeneration which is at Infancy stage at the moment. When we venture quite deep into our scriptural treasures, we do come across a tradition of Panchyagya in the Indian society for leading a purposeful life in the world. Let us now turn focus on the subject for proper understanding to put it into action in the times of fast life replete with persistent stress :-
Panchrin and Panchyagya
The crux of the matter is that if we have a deep urge to see the National regeneration happening at rapid pace as visualized by Swami Vivekananda, the implementation of Panchyagya has to be accorded top most priority in the social life. However, ahead of that we shall have to understand five eternal debts on all human beings which can be liquidated by reviving the age old tradition of Panchyagya in its modified form with a tinge of modernity. Let us deliberate and act to accelerate the process of National renaissance . This would also reactivate the inherent integral humanism and shall substantially dent the spiraling social crimes.
First one is DEVRIN :- our worldly life cannot pull on without the grace and magnanimity of divine powers of Gods. In spiritual parlance the debts so incurred need be eliminated for ultimate salvation.
Next is PITRIRIN:- This is the debt of our forefathers who have been instrumental in bringing us to the temporal world and enabling to navigate its affairs smoothly and purposefully.
Third one is RISHIRIN:- This kind of indebtedness gets incurred from all those learned Gurus, Teachers, Guides who provided us knowledge wisdom and training.
Fourth one is SAMAJRIN:- We donot venture in the world alone but we grow and prosper in a society which handsomely contributes to our success, position, name and fame.It is our bounden duty to return and discharge the obligation by virtue of sacrifice and social service.
Fifth one is SHRISTIRIN:- We owe our existence to Prithvi, aakash, jal, vayu, Fruits and vegetables which constitute the whole Shristi andthese five debts can be got rid of by strictly adhering to the time tested tradition of Panchmahayagya.
Let us make an effort to understand its core significance and efficacy for National Regeneration.
Brahamyagya:- In the prevailing socio-cultural conditions this yagya has been interpreted as SATVIK CHINTAN i.e. positive thinking. At this twilight hour it does not seem to be realistic to propagate dry spiritualism amongst the people. There is huge gap in theory and practice. Religious books and sermons boldly mention “God is omnipresent but in real life we practice untouchability in social relations and discrimination on the basis of caste and economic status.” This is absolutely perverted thinking which is playing havoc with our cultural richness. Therefore, in accordance with the need of fast moving times and vibrant interpretation of Brahamyagya we can cultivate requisite values in upcoming generation to accept the reality of being part of the same divine consciousness.
PITARYAGYA:- This is to remember the forefathers who have left for heavenly abode and for whom we perform shradhs every year as rituals only. But in the modern context we have to turn focus on our old living parents by giving them due regards and care inclusive of great personalities and social workers of all segments of the society. It would strengthen cohesive forces and shall promote social harmony in the society. A real story of Pitaryagya in modern times has shot into the lime light,” Father of Rattan Tata had promised to donate a sum of Rs. Five crores for a major project of Pt. Deen Dyal Upadhya Shodh Sansthan, Chittarkoot but he expired after few days without offering the donation himself. When officials of the sansthan approached his son Rattan Tata, he immediately spoke I have seen my father,s diary and paid the promised amount respectfully. Other way round he could say” NO”, But he chose to comply with the social promise given in his absence and that too after his death. This can be rated as genuine Pitriyagya in real sense of the term in the modern times.
DEVYAGYA:- Devta or Gods possess specific divine powers. Saravati is Goddess of Education, Yama is God of death, Lakshmi is Goddess of wealth etc. Even rivers, forests and mountains are considered as divine gifts of Nature. Similarly some mantras, hymns and prayers are recited to ensure wellness and happiness for one and all. In the current times practical Devyagya would be to protect and preserve our sacred rivers, forests, mountains and other natural resources, blanket ban on use of plastic products, switch over to organic farming and many other path breaking measures.
NARYAGYA:- It connotes Nar Sewa Narayan Sewa. There are millions and millions of people who live below the poverty line and are virtually hand to mouth. Naryagya mandates that every household must make reasonable provision for rehabilitation of these fellow countrymen.
BHOOTYAGYA:- Presently whatever we are doing plus much more to be done for preservation of Environment, plantation drives, preservation and revival of water bodies e.g. wells, wetlands, harvesting of rain water comes under the ambit of BHOOTYAGYA. Let us take the call and start Pursuing practical aspects of Panchyagya for taking National Regeneration to the logical conclusion.
Where thereis beauty in the character, there is harmony in the home. When there is harmony in the home, there is order in the Nation. When there is order in the nation, there is peace in the world.” Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam.
Puran Chand Sharma