LONDON, Feb 23:
High daily intake of fruits such as apples and pears as well as green leafy vegetables may lower the risk of developing chronic lung disease in smokers, a new study has found.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) includes respiratory conditions that narrow the airways, such as bronchitis and emphysema.
The primary risk factor for developing COPD is smoking, and the World Health Organisation (WHO) predicts that it is set to become the third leading cause of death worldwide.
Researchers from Warsaw University of Life Sciences in Poland and Karolinska Institutet in Sweden tracked the respiratory health of more than 44,000 men aged between 45 and 79 for 13 years up to the end of the year 2012.
Sample was taken from men who had been born between 1918 and 1952 in Sweden, asking them about how often they consumed 96 different food items in 1997, at the start of the study. The participants were asked how many cigarettes they smoked daily, on average, between the ages of 15-20, 21-30, 31-40, 41-50, and 51-60. (PTI)